In his speech at the COP to the UN Framework Convention on Climate Change, President of Ukraine Petro Poroshenko noted that the issue of environment protection under the conditions of conflict could no longer remain without adequate response of international community. The President also offered basic principles of new Global climate agreement.
“We have many problems on the table. Terrorism, wars, migration. But there is only one problem, which makes us equal in terms of vulnerability. This is the problem of climate change. Solving it - is a test for all nations,” Petro Poroshenko said.
The President expressed his deep solidarity with France, its people and President Hollande. “We admire the French for their courage, for their unbroken spirit and for the way they responded to the barbaric and coward terrorist attacks,” the President emphasized.
The Head of State noted that “terrible events that France experienced this tragic November are a daily reality for Ukraine for almost 21 months”. “My country is suffering from terrorism sponsored and promoted by the Russian Federation. As a result, more than 8.000 Ukrainians, of whom about 6.000 civilians lost their lives,” the Head of State stressed.
According to the President, Ukraine became the object of hybrid warfare, which results in hybrid consequences. One of them - the risk of environmental disaster in the eastern part of Ukraine - Donbas. “Russia-backed terrorists flooded many mines in this area. Their criminal actions led to poisoning drinking water, soils, flora and fauna of the region. Donbas became a shooting range for Russian and pro-Russian troops. As a result, the ground and atmosphere are heavily polluted with exploded ammo as well as with leakage from shelled chemical and other sensitive industrial plants,” the Head of State emphasized.
The President assured that despite all challenges, Ukraine remained firmly committed to its obligations under the UN Framework Convention on Climate Change and the Kyoto Protocol. Thus, it will not surpass the limit of GHG emissions.
“However, to be able to undertake a more ambitious target we need to settle the conflict in Donbas – by peaceful means and in strict compliance with the Minsk agreements. Here we rely on our partners, in particular France and Germany, and the European Union in general. We rely on our transatlantic solidarity. We also need to secure sufficient finance resources for reconstruction of Donbas. These resources can be viewed as an investment in tackling climate change. Because the new Ukrainian Donbas should be of a focus in energy efficiency,” the Head of State said.
“Another issue that we must address today is to give an impetus to reaching a compromise on a new Global climate agreement so that it comes into force in 2020. Ukraine is actively engaged in the development of this key document,” he added.
The President suggested the following principles for the new Agreement. First, the new agreement should be applicable to all countries. Second, differentiation in this agreement must be based on a justified economic and social indicators as well as flexible and legally binding. Third, it must provide market and non-market instruments to meet obligations and every country shall have equal and indiscriminate access to these instruments. Forth, the agreement must envisage strengthening international cooperation on adaptation to climate change, including the exchange of information on the best available instruments and technologies.
“Last but not least, the new global climate agreement should be dynamic to promptly adapt to the evolution in the socio-economic development of the Parties, the ambition of their NDC as well as dynamics of the climate change,” the President concluded.